Agriculture is the main stray of nearly 70% of the households. Though the District is mainly depending on Agriculture. Rice is a staple food of the people and Paddy is therefore the principal food crop of the district followed by Ragi, Maize, Bajra, Korra, Niger Seed, Rajma Beans, Redgram, Chillies, Turmeric, Ginger and Jowar. Since there is no Major Irrigation system, only about 40% of the cropped area is irrigated under Minor Irrigation Systems like check dams which are feeded by Kond Jorus. The rest of the cultivated area is covered under dry crops
The District has mineral deposits of Bauxite Apatite (Rock Phosphate) Calcite, Crystalline limestone confined to tribal tracts. Bauxite deposits at Sapparla, Jerrila and Gudem of G.K.Veedhi Mandal are considered to be the largest in the country. Bauxite deposits are also identified at Galikonda, Katuki, Chittemgondi of Araku group deposits, Katamrajukonda of Gurthedu sub-group of deposits.
Phosphate Apatite is available in Kasipatnam village of Ananthagiri mandal. Rich deposits of Crystalline limestone and Calcite are mapped in Borra Caves and along the Valley up to Araku from Borra and around Valasi village of Ananthagiri mandal. Ruby Mica is another mineral available in the District essential for electrical and electronic industries. The mineral occurs in the form of Phologopite and is confined to Borra tract.
Quartz is another mineral found mostly in Ananthagiri mandal. Vermiculate found near Kasipatnam of Ananthagiri mandal. Clay deposits near Malivalasa of Araku mandal are identified. Limeshell useful for manufacture of chemical grade lime is also available in the district.Red and Yellow ochre deposits are also identified in Araku, Ananthagiri, Yatapaka and Rampachodavaram mandals.
Power consumption by industries is 5.42 lakh Million units. All 2854 villages in the District (including hamlets) have been electrified including solar power system during 2019-20.
There are 54 Bank Branches including Cooperative Banks in the district to look after the credit needs of the people.
EDUCATIONAL AND MEDICAL FACILITIES
There are 2124 Primary Schools with 0.58 lakhs children on enrolment, 155 Upper Primary Schools with an enrolment of 0.13 lakhs, 180 High Schools with 0.44 lakhs pupils on roll, 68 Junior, Degree and Professional Institutions with 0.15 lakhs students during 2019-20. Regarding Medical facilities, there are 96 Government Hospitals and dispensaries for Allopathic with 848 bed-strength and 147 Doctors and 18 Hospitals and dispensaries for Indian Medicine (Ayurvedic, Homeopathy, Naturopathy and Unani) with 18 Doctors during 2019-20.